Posts Tagged ‘News Routine’

A Routine Process of News Production

March 21, 2009


The news we watched everyday is not simply reported by the journalists in its naturally newsworthy. The production of news is structured, predictable and strongly patterned. Though the process is complex, it has fixed steps. Namely, news is selected from regular sources, judged by certain values and reported in similar ways to satisfy audience demands. 


There are some routine methods which are used by journalists to produce news. 

  • News Net. In this way journalists distribute resources according to where news is likely to be happened, such as elite countries or major cities. Generally, geographic territoriality, organizational specialization and topical specialization should be considered by journalists to report news. 
  • News Diary. It is a method to pre-select some routine news. In the diary, journalists record predictable events that undoubtedly will become public concern. The contents of the diary range from political issues (elections, and wars) to religious, social and sporting occasions (religion conflicts, the Nobel prize-giving and the Olympics ).Some of the institutional sources of news are from the bureaucratic organizations. 
  • Gatekeeping. It is an indispensable step which is described as ‘a secondary selection process’ in the production of news. It is linked with the activities of editors. Their job is to determine which pieces of those news submitted by journalists should be published in newspaper or be broadcasted by programmes. The gatekeepers have to make judgement about whether this news story is important or not, and examine if the news is accorded with their organization’s communication routines and characteristics. Also, the process of gatekeeping could be considered to guarantee the quality of the news we received. 


News Values

  • Frequency— Recent events are favoured, especially those that have occurred in the previous 24 hours.
  • Proximity— The event should have a relationship with the audience’s experience and cultural background.
  • Negativity— ‘Bad News’ is ‘Good News’.
  • Conflict— Balanced journalism presents that ‘each story has two sides’.
  • Reference to elite nations and persons— Events happened in the USA and other members of the ‘first world’ or activities performed by politicians and celebrities. 


Narrative Structure

  • The typical roles of characters are the villains, the heroes, the helpers and the victims. 

       E.g: In the drug crime news, the drug runners are villains and drug are victims, while police officers are heroes and social workers are helpers.

  • News narrative develops story from order to disorder and to order again. 

       E.g: Equilibrium—Obstacles—Disequilibrium—New Equilibrium

  • Basic structure of narrative story: the binary opposition.

       E.g: Masculinity—Femininity      Work—Domesticity

        Rationality—Emotionalism  Labour—Conservative