Music Journalism

March 23, 2009

gallery-prf-11831275641Music, in the form of music video, documentaries, studio-based programmes and live events has grown exponentially in the past two decades. As the media’ interest in music has grown, it is the time for journalism to face music. A new type of journalism called music journalism has appeared.

Generally, music journalists write about music and its industry. There are different specialization for music journalists. Some focus on reviews, which are related with new albums, shows, and DVD releases. Some work from a depth perspective and interview singers, bands and producers.

The most obvious outlet for music journalism is magazine, especially entertainment and female magazine. Also, there are some music magazines. E.g: Music Week.

Apart from the magazine, the internet platform has brought dramatic changes in the music journalism. Music fans could leave comment directly on the music articles and set up groups to share and exchange ideas. What is more, an increasing number of fans start to write their own blog to review music.

The latest breaking news for music journalism might be the back of Michael Jackson. He is going to hold 50 date tour, and first start from London. Can Michael Jackson make a successful come back? This will be tracked and reported bu media journalists in the following days with reviews of his music tours.

Last week, at online journalism course, we interviewed Ben Gilbert who is a music journalism.

There is a list of his blog and sites for Yahoo. Do not miss them, if you want to be a music journalist!

The interview video is filmed and edited by myself.

A Routine Process of News Production

March 21, 2009

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The news we watched everyday is not simply reported by the journalists in its naturally newsworthy. The production of news is structured, predictable and strongly patterned. Though the process is complex, it has fixed steps. Namely, news is selected from regular sources, judged by certain values and reported in similar ways to satisfy audience demands. 

 

There are some routine methods which are used by journalists to produce news. 

  • News Net. In this way journalists distribute resources according to where news is likely to be happened, such as elite countries or major cities. Generally, geographic territoriality, organizational specialization and topical specialization should be considered by journalists to report news. 
  • News Diary. It is a method to pre-select some routine news. In the diary, journalists record predictable events that undoubtedly will become public concern. The contents of the diary range from political issues (elections, and wars) to religious, social and sporting occasions (religion conflicts, the Nobel prize-giving and the Olympics ).Some of the institutional sources of news are from the bureaucratic organizations. 
  • Gatekeeping. It is an indispensable step which is described as ‘a secondary selection process’ in the production of news. It is linked with the activities of editors. Their job is to determine which pieces of those news submitted by journalists should be published in newspaper or be broadcasted by programmes. The gatekeepers have to make judgement about whether this news story is important or not, and examine if the news is accorded with their organization’s communication routines and characteristics. Also, the process of gatekeeping could be considered to guarantee the quality of the news we received. 

 

News Values

  • Frequency— Recent events are favoured, especially those that have occurred in the previous 24 hours.
  • Proximity— The event should have a relationship with the audience’s experience and cultural background.
  • Negativity— ‘Bad News’ is ‘Good News’.
  • Conflict— Balanced journalism presents that ‘each story has two sides’.
  • Reference to elite nations and persons— Events happened in the USA and other members of the ‘first world’ or activities performed by politicians and celebrities. 

 

Narrative Structure

  • The typical roles of characters are the villains, the heroes, the helpers and the victims. 

       E.g: In the drug crime news, the drug runners are villains and drug are victims, while police officers are heroes and social workers are helpers.

  • News narrative develops story from order to disorder and to order again. 

       E.g: Equilibrium—Obstacles—Disequilibrium—New Equilibrium

  • Basic structure of narrative story: the binary opposition.

       E.g: Masculinity—Femininity      Work—Domesticity

        Rationality—Emotionalism  Labour—Conservative

Know More FIRST FACTS About Journalism

March 19, 2009

A Short History of Journalism

The earliest known journalistic product was a news sheet circulated in ancient Rome called the Acta Diurna. Published daily from 59 BC, it was hung in prominent places and recorded important social and political events. In China during the T’ang dynasty a court circular called a pao, or “report”, was issued to government officials. This gazette appeared in various forms and under various names more or less continually to the end of the Ch’ing dynasty in 1911.

The invention of the movable type printing press, attributed to Johannes Gutenberg in 1456, led to the wide dissemination of the Bible and other printed books. 

 

The First Journalist

There are many candidates. Some people argue that the ancient Greek historian Thucydides (c. 460 BC – c. 395 BC) was the first journalist because he wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th-century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC. Thucydides is regarded as a kind of journalist because he tried to describe the human world in terms of cause and effect, his strict standards of gathering evidence, and his neglect of the gods in explaining the events of the past.

 

The First Newspaper

The first newspapers appeared in Europe in the 17th century. The first printed periodical was Mercurius Gallobelgicus, first appearing in Cologne, now Germany, in 1594.

The first regularly published newspapers appeared in German cities and in Antwerp around 1609. The first weekly English newspaper, the Weekly Newes, was published in 1622. One of the first daily newspapers, The Review, written and edited by Daniel Defoe, appeared in 1703.

 

The First Magazine

The first kind of magazine had started in the 17th century as learned journals, began to feature opinion-forming articles on current affairs, such as those in the Tatler (1709–11) and the Spectator (1711–12). In the 1830s cheap, mass-circulation magazines aimed at a wider and less well-educated public appeared, as well as illustrated and women’s magazines. 

 

The First Radio Broadcast

The first extended broadcast of the human voice was transmitted through the air on December 24, 1906 from Brant Rock, Massachusetts. A Canadian engineer, Reginald Fessenden, had worked for Thomas Edison in his New Jersey Laboratory, and later became a professor at the University of Pittsburgh.

 

The First TV Broadcast

In 1926, John Logie Baird transmitted the very first television picture from one room to another. By 1927, he used telephone wires to successfully send a moving image from London to Glasgow and in 1928, he made the first trans-Atlantic television broadcast

Introduction To Journalism

March 18, 2009

 

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What is Journalism?

The Chambers Dictionary dignifies journalism with the label ‘profession’, as in ‘the profession of collection, writing, editing, publishing,etc. news reports and other articles for newspapers, journals, television, radio and related media…’


Journalism as a career

Journalism is often seen as glamorous and exciting. And you get paid to do what most others can only do for fun: read, write, travel,meet all kinds of people, and learn about the world around you. You might meet celebrities or visit destinations or simply discover the joy of connecting with readers.

However, ‘as with any occupation, success comes only after much hard work and routine activity’. This is a little warning given by the National Council for the Training of Journalists.


Journalism in different forms

News

  • Breaking news: telling about an event as it happens.
  • Feature stories: a detailed look at something interesting that’s not breaking news.
  • Investigative stories: stories that uncover information that few people knew.

Opinion

  • Editorials: unsigned articles that express a publication’s opinion.
  • Columns: signed articles that express the writer’s reporting and his conclusions.
  • Reviews: such as music, restaurant or movie reviews.

Online  journalism

  • Blogs: online diaries kept by individuals or small groups.
  • Discussion boards: Online question and answer pages where anyone can participate.
  • Wikis: articles that any reader can add to or change.

Books

  • Journalism as literature  
  • The “New Journalism”


So want to be a journalist? Think about it! And try to know more from my blog! 

 

Image Resource:http://www.mcb.org.uk/images/features/Journalist-full.jpg

Reference:Fletcher,K (2005) The Journalist’s Handbook